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In this article:
State law requires children to have certain vaccines to enter school or daycare.
Research continues to prove that vaccines are safe and effective in children.
Swedish pediatrician Jacqueline Hunziker, M.D., weighs in on required and recommended vaccinations, including the COVID-19 vaccine.
Making sure your child has all the recommended vaccines for their age is a critical aspect of parenting. In fact, state law requires children to have certain vaccines to enter school. That goes for little ones entering daycare or preschool and students in kindergarten through 12th grade.
Washington state requires students to have the following vaccines for school entry:
- Hepatitis B (HepB)
- Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DTap or Tdap)
- Poliovirus (IPV)
- Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
- Varicella (VAR)
(The Centers for Disease Control, or CDC, and pediatricians also recommend other vaccines throughout childhood. See the complete list here.)
Keeping kids up-to-date on all their recommended vaccines not only keeps them healthy but helps prevent major outbreaks in the community.
“Vaccines have played an important role in our society eliminating very serious diseases, like polio and smallpox, as well as getting much better control on illnesses such as measles,” explains Swedish pediatrician Jacqueline Hunziker, M.D. “Keeping kids up-to-date on all their recommended vaccines not only keeps them healthy but helps prevent major outbreaks in the community.”
Dr. Hunziker shares her insight on why vaccines are important, separates vaccine facts from fiction, and discusses why all eligible children should get a COVID-19 vaccine.
Separating vaccine fact from fiction
It’s understandable why some parents are hesitant to have their children vaccinated. There is a lot of information out there about the safety and efficacy of vaccines.
Parents want to make the best decision for their child. That’s difficult when faced with conflicting information.
“It can be overwhelming for parents to figure out fact from fiction when it comes to vaccines,” acknowledges Dr. Hunziker. “Parents want to make the best decision for their child. That’s difficult when faced with conflicting information.”
The first step Dr. Hunziker takes when evaluating the latest research on vaccines is to identify the experts in the field.
“When it comes to vaccines, professionals who have studied, trained and researched in the vaccine field are the experts,” she states. “When you are doing your own research, be sure to investigate any claims you read and validate using multiple reliable sources.”
Dr. Hunziker encourages parents to ask their child’s pediatrician any questions they may have. Medical professionals can help put context around medical studies and point out other reputable sources of information, such as the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and the CDC.
Keep reading to learn the facts about vaccines.
Vaccines boost immune systems
Vaccines not only help prevent serious illness in children, but they also boost your child’s immune system. They help your child’s immune system learn how to fight against many different diseases so that if, or when, they are exposed to germs that cause an illness like rotavirus, influenza or chicken pox, they’re ready and able to fight them off.
Fast fact: The CDC estimates that the vaccination of children born between 1994 and 2018 will prevent 419 million illnesses and 26.8 million hospitalizations.
Vaccines are safe
Vaccinations go through a rigorous process to ensure they are safe and effective. This is true even after it is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Association. The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System is a national reporting system for tracking side effects and safety related to any vaccine. Individuals and physicians who experience or observe any adverse effects are encouraged to report them so that trends and concerning side effects can be evaluated and used to halt use or spur additional research.
“We continue to study and learn about the safety of our vaccines,” says Dr. Hunziker. “This entire process assures our vaccinations are safe and effective for children – and should provide great peace of mind to parents.”
Fast fact: The development of a vaccine takes several volunteers and extensive research, especially when evaluating safety for children.
Vaccines are not linked to autism
Nearly 23 years ago, a study was published in The Lancet that claimed a connection between the MMR vaccine and autism in children. Reporters and celebrities quickly jumped on the story and were, understandably, outraged.
However, that study was critically flawed for many reasons, including that those researchers picked and chose from data that would support their claim. The Lancet eventually retracted the article in 2008. Still, the uproar continued. Some parents continue to be concerned that vaccines are linked to autism, despite overwhelming research that has found no connection between the two.
Fast fact: Regular and intensive research continues to prove that vaccines do not cause autism.
COVID-19 vaccines and kids
Parents aren’t just grappling with regularly scheduled vaccines. They may also be debating whether or not their child can or should get the COVID-19 vaccination. The CDC currently recommends vaccination for everyone six months and older, and boosters for everyone five years and older. Experts encourage all who can get vaccinated to do so.
The COVID-19 vaccine protects them from COVID-19 and its variants, like Delta which is affecting more children and teens. It also builds community protection.
“[The vaccine] protects children from COVID-19 and its variants, “says Dr. Hunziker. “It also builds community protection so that we can continue to move closer to normalcy in schools and life.””
Side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine tend to be mild for adults and children. The most common side effects include:
- Tenderness at the injection site
“There have been rare cases of anaphylaxis, which is a severe allergic reaction. The CDC recommends vaccination sites monitor patients for 15 minutes after vaccination or 30 minutes if the individual has a history of anaphylaxis,” says Dr. Hunziker.
“Still, the COVID-19 vaccine is safe and effective against what can be a very serious illness, even among young people,” she finishes.
Schedule your child’s COVID-19 vaccine today
Select Swedish clinics are now offering Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. Learn more and schedule a vaccination appointment here.
There may be delays in getting an appointment. To help determine availability you can use this handy vaccine locator from the Washington State Department of Health or check the City of Seattle’s vaccine locator. You can also contact your child’s school district. Many districts are providing by-appointments for kids.
Find a doctor
If you have questions about vaccines for your child, contact Pediatric Primary Care at Swedish. We can accommodate both in-person and virtual visits.
Whether you require an in-person visit or want to consult a doctor virtually, you have options. Swedish Virtual Care connects you face-to-face with a nurse practitioner who can review your symptoms, provide instruction and follow up as needed. If you need to find a doctor, you can use our provider directory.
Join our Patient and Family Advisory Council.
This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your health care professional's instructions.